What are the Effects of VOCs (Volatile Organic Compounds) on the Environment and Humanity?

VOCs, i.e. volatile organic compounds, are classified as chemical gases. In addition to their widespread presence, these gases can lead to problems for the environment and human health. These chemical gaseous components, which can be emitted into the atmosphere because of their fast evaporation characteristics, cause environmental and health problems depending on their properties and quantity.

What Is VOC (Volatile Organic Compounds) Found In?

Volatile organic compounds can be found in many substances with chemical properties. While some of them are emitted to the environment because of certain reactions, some volatile organic compounds can be emitted after the use of certain materials or because of unpacking.

The most common products with volatile organic compounds can be listed as follows;

  • Paint and derivatives
  • Varnish
  • Cleaning and degreasing agents
  • Wax

In addition, volatile organic compounds may also be present in gases from factory chimneys.

What are the Effects of VOC (Volatile Organic Compounds) on Human Health?

Volatile organic gases can affect their environment by becoming gaseous in a short time because of certain reactions. VOCs have many effects that can cause negative effects on human health.

Volatile gases, the simplest effect of which is headache and nausea, can cause much more serious effects depending on the amount and component exposed. More serious effects of volatile gases on human health can be listed as follows;

  • Respiratory system problems
  • Possible damage to the eyes and throat
  • Allergic reactions
  • Liver and kidney problems
  • Cancer risk (long-term exposure)

What are the Effects of VOC (Volatile Organic Compounds) on Environment and Living Things?

As a result of industrialization, nature and other living things can be affected in different ways by the effects emitted by volatile gases. VOCs can have various effects on living things and the environment depending on the area where they are emitted and the characteristics they have. These effects can be listed as follows;

  • VOCs can cause damage to many living things, especially by affecting the respiratory tract. For example, birds can be affected by volatile organic compounds much faster.
  • Plant covers may be adversely affected by intense volatile organic compounds. Photosynthesis of plants can be severely impaired.

VOCs can also affect the soil in the long term. Problems such as having serious effects on soil pollution and decreasing soil fertility can be counted among these effects.

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